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Submitted: 22 Apr 2023
Revision: 27 May 2023
Accepted: 28 May 2023
ePublished: 17 Jul 2023
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Avicenna J Care Health Oper Room. 2023;1(1): 16-22.
doi: 10.34172/ajchor.13
  Abstract View: 314
  PDF Download: 306
  Full Text View: 99

Original Article

Risk Assessment of Operating Room Occupational Hazards Using Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)

Arezou Karampourian 1 ORCID logo, Behzad Imani 2* ORCID logo, Mohammad Ali Amirzargar 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Operating Room, School of Paramedicine, Urology & Nephrology Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti Medical Educational Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Behzad Imani, Email: behzadiman@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: The operating room is one of the most risky parts of the hospital. All employed personnel are exposed to occupational hazards. This study aimed to assess and control the risk of occupational hazards in urology surgeries using the technique of analysis of error states and its effects in the operating room.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected through observation of common operating room processes, background checks and documents, and focus group discussion. Data analysis was in accordance with the failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) method based on risk priority number (RPN).

Results: Considering 16 common operating room processes, there were 23 potential error modes of which 5 of them were identified as unacceptable and high risk. These five items included “working with sharp tools with RPN8/311”, “working under high pressure and risky conditions with RPN 292”, “hand washing with RPN 254.6”, “intubation/extubation/suction of secretions with RPN 213.2”, and “working with radiation equipment with RPN 206.9”.

Conclusion: In case of unacceptable errors, corrective actions were presented in three areas of decreasing occurrence and severity and increasing the ability to detect errors. It is suggested that retraining courses be held to prevent errors, ensure the health of operating room personnel, and increase the quality of services.


Please cite this article as follows: Karampourian A, Imani B, Amirzargar MA. Risk assessment of operating room occupational hazards using failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). Avicenna Journal of Care and Health in Operating Room. 2023; 1(1):16-22. doi:10.34172/ajchor.13
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Abstract View: 314

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PDF Download: 306

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Full Text View: 99

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