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Submitted: 31 Oct 2023
Revision: 08 Nov 2023
Accepted: 09 Nov 2023
ePublished: 21 Nov 2023
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Avicenna J Care Health Oper Room. 2023;1(3): 94-98.
doi: 10.34172/ajchor.36
  Abstract View: 118
  PDF Download: 79
  Full Text View: 30

Original Article

Evaluation of Blood Transfusion-Related Reactions of Blood Recipients in Hamadan Besat Hospital Patients during 2020- 2022

Mohammad Rezaei 1 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Amiri 2* ORCID logo, Mahta Razaghi 3, Farshid Mohammadi 4

1 School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Fatemeh Amiri, Email: Amirif2012@gmail. com, , Email: f.amiri@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Blood transfusion has some complications known as transfusion-related reactions. Accurate identification and recording of these reactions is more important for their management and prevention. This study aimed to evaluate blood transfusion-related reactions in blood recipients in patients in Hamadan Besat hospital during 2020-2022.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data of 400 patients who had complications after receiving blood and blood components were collected in terms of hemolytic and non-hemolytic blood transfusion reactions. Data were collected from patients’ medical records and standard blood transfusion checklists and analyzed by SPSS version 26 software using the chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test.

Results: Red blood cell (RBC), 70.25%, random donor platelet (RDP), 10.3%, and fresh frozen plasma (FFP), 9.5%, were the most transfused blood components. Blood transfusion reactions were allergic reactions (53.5%), febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction (FNHTR) (24%), dyspnea (10.25%), hemolytic reactions (HR) (4.5%), hypotension (4.25%), transfusion-associated cardiovascular overload (TACO) (1.75%), and other reactions (2.75%). A significant relationship was also observed between receiving components containing RBC, including whole blood (WB0), RBC concentrate, and leukoreduced RBC, and the incidence of FNHTR (P=0.001).

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, allergic reaction and FNHTR were the most common complications after blood transfusions. Blood transfusion-related reactions could be predicted, managed, and possibly prevented by considering the relationship between the type of reaction and the type of transfused blood components.


Please cite this article as follows: Rezaee M, Amiri F, Razaghi M, Mohammadi F. Evaluation of blood transfusion-related reactions of blood recipients in Hamadan besat hospital patients during 2020-2022. Avicenna J Care Health Oper Room. 2023; 1(3):94-98. doi:10.34172/ ajchor.36
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